Moreshine Gemstone
Moreshine Gemstone

WHAT IS NEEDED TO OPEN A GEMSTONE CUTTING OFFICE

Cutting office is very important especially when you want your business to grow. If you get an order of 2000 carats per week, it will cost you a lot for not having your own cutting office. You will spend a lot of money to cut them, by hiring a private cutter or going to the gem cutting offices which of them have a lot of cutting and polishing gems. In this article I will be explaining about an office where you will be cutting and polishing gemstones. And also we will see what the requirements are.


Faceting Machine

This is non-negotiable, you must have it in your office. There are different types of faceting machines, facetron, ultratec, indian machines and thai machines. These are just some brands, you need to be watchful the voltage required in your area that is 110v ac or 220v ac. It is advisable to use an auto-voltage regulator (stabilizer) in case of power fluctuation.


Cabochon Machine

This one is needed to gemstones which do not need facets due to their nature, such as Moonstone and Sunstone. This does not restrict you from faceting these type of gemstones, but by doing so they will lose their attraction.


Sawing Machine

This machine is needful when you want to divide a gemstone into pieces.


Caliper 

This instrument is for measuring size, length, width, height. It is also good to have a digital metric caliper for accuracy.


Gem Cutter

This is not a machine, but a qualified person who will handle all the cutting and the polishing of the gemstones professionally known as Lapidary in the gemological term. He /She must be competent enough to do the job well and avoid errors such re-cut.


Scale

This is another crucial tool for measuring weight of a gemstone, this must be a Legal for Trade scale which is authorized for such trade with a brand of Legal for Trade on it. Also the scale must be inspected annually by the authorized organization with certificate offered after inspection.



Burner 

It is also needed for treating


Loupe 

This too is useful even though you may get some gemstones that do not need a loupe. The loupe is the most convenient and affordable magnifier used for gem grading. It is small and portable. You can carry a loupe in your pocket or wear it on a chain around your neck. And, when used by gem cutter with an experienced eye, a loupe is very accurate. Loupes come in two varieties: hand loupes and eye loupes. 


Hand loupes

Hand loupes are held in one hand for viewing the stone.


Eye loupes

Eye loupes are either held in the eye socket or attached to eyeglasses. It takes practice to handle and use a loupe effectively. But loupes are efficient so you must have them in your office.


Dop Sticks 

These usually come with the faceting machines, but it is good to have many of them to help you handle many gemstones at the same time. Most of faceting machines come with 15 dop sticks so if you have 50 rough stones it will be difficult to handle them for little time 


Wax 

This is needed for sticking a stone to a dop-stick